Property Definiton WEMWBS
Reliability Degree to which respondents in a similar sample had similar scores Good internal consistency reported by Taggart et al. (2015)
Test-retest reliability Degree to which the same respondents have the same score after period of time when trait shouldn’t have changed Good test-retest reliability reported by Taggart et al. (2015)
Concurrent validity Correlation of the measure with others measuring the same concept Moderately high convergent validity with: Scale of Psychological Wellbeing; Satisfaction with Life Scale; Short Depression Happiness Scale; Positive and Negative Affect Scale - positive subscale; and the WHO-Five Wellbeing Index, reported by Taggart et al. (2015)
Discriminant validity Lack of correlation with opposite concepts Good face validity reported by Taggart et al. (2015)



The WEMWBS can be completed by children and young people aged 13 years and above.


The WEMWBS has been translated into a number of languages. Translations are available here: http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/med/research/platform/wemwbs/researchers/languages/


The WEMWBS can be completed by individuals either on paper or on a computer.

Scoring & Interpretation

The WEMWBS comprises of 14 items with 5 response categories, from “None of the time” to “All of the time”. The items are all worded positively and cover both feeling and functioning aspects of mental wellbeing. Items are scored on a range from 1 to 5, providing a total score between 14 and 70.
Two studies have looked at the WEMWBS in relation to two measures of depression and psychological distress and found that a WEMWBS score of less than 40 could indicate high risk of major depression and scores between 41 and 45 could be considered in high risk of psychological distress and increased risk of depression. The WEMWBS however was not developed to measure mental illness, and should therefore not be used for screening purposes (Taggart et al., 2015).

Terms of use

The WEMWBS is free to use, but permission is required before use, by completing the registration form: http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/med/research/platform/wemwbs/researchers/register/

The Reproduction copyrights for WEMWBS are as follows and must be presented on any copy of WEMWBS used: Warwick–Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale (WEMWBS) © NHS Health Scotland, University of Warwick and University of Edinburgh, 2006, all rights reserved.

Further information

Further information on the WEMWBS and its use is available at

Specific details on scoring are available here: http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/med/research/platform/wemwbs/researchers/userguide/wemwbs_practice_based_user_guide.pdf

The WEMWBS Used Guide is available here: http://www.healthscotland.com/uploads/documents/26787-WEMWBS%20User%20Guide%20Version%202%20May%202015.pdf


Taggart, F., Stewart-Brown, S., & Parkinson, J. (2015). Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (WEMWBS) User Guide, Version 2. NHS Health Scotland.

Please note that the information on this page was last updated in April 2017.