Overview

The SWEMWBS is a short version of the Warwick–Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (WEMWBS).The WEMWBS was developed to enable the monitoring of mental wellbeing in the general population and the evaluation of projects, programmes and policies which aim to improve mental wellbeing. The SWEMWBS uses seven of the WEMWBS’s 14 statements about thoughts and feelings. The seven statements are positively worded with five response categories from ‘none of the time’ to ‘all of the time’. Children and young people are asked to describe their experiences over the past two weeks.

Property Definiton SWEMWBS
Reliability Degree to which respondents in a similar sample had similar scores The SWEMWBS showed adequate internal consistency and reliability in a study examining its use in Norway and Sweden (Haver, Akerjordet, Caputi, Furunes, & Magee, 2015)
Test-retest reliability Degree to which the same respondents have the same score after period of time when trait shouldn’t have changed No information available
Concurrent validity Correlation of the measure with others measuring the same concept No information available
Discriminant validity Lack of correlation with opposite concepts No information available


Populations

The  SWEMWBS can be completed by children and young people aged 13 years and above.

Translation

The WEMWBS has been translated into a number of languages. The following translations are available to download: Dutch, French, German, Greek, Italian, Japanese, Spanish and Brazilian.

Administration

The SWEMWBS is designed to be completed by individuals either on paper or on a computer.

Scoring

The SWEMWBS is a shortened version of the WEMWBS which is Rasch compatible which means that the 7 items included have undergone a more rigorous test for internal consistency than the WEMWBS. The seven items included in the SWEMWBS relate more to functioning than feelings and so offer a slightly different perspective on mental well-being.

The SWEMWBS is scored by first summing the score for each of the seven items and then transforming the total raw scores to metric scores using the SWEMWBS conversion table which can be found here. 

Interpretation

Scores range from 7 to 35 and higher scores indicate higher positive mental well-being.

The idea of well-being is fairly new. Therefore, it is difficult to fully interpret what the scores mean for each individual. However, you can see how individual’s scores compare with national survey data which can be found here.

Terms of use

The SWEMWBS is free to use, but you need to ask for permission before you begin using SWEMWBS, by completing a registration form on the SWEMWBS website.

The Reproduction copyrights for SWEMWBS are as follows and must be presented on any copy of SWEMWBS used:

“Short Warwick Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale (SWEMWBS) © NHS Health Scotland, University of Warwick and University of Edinburgh, 2008, all rights reserved.”

If you produce any documents outlining your SWEMWBS results (e.g. reports, presentations) you need to reference SWEMWBS as above.

Further information

Further information on the WEMWBS and its use is available from University of Warwick.

WEMWBS Practitioner Guide

Population Norms in Health Survey 2011

References

Haver, A., Akerjordet, K., Caputi, P., Furunes, T., & Magee, C. (2015). Measuring mental well-being: A validation of the Short Warwick–Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale in Norwegian and Swedish. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 43 (7), 721-727.

Stewart-Brown, S., Tennant, A., Tennant, R., Platt, S., Parkinson, J. & Weich, S. (2009). Internal construct validity of the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale (WEMWBS): a Rasch analysis using data from the Scottish Health Education Population Survey

 Please note that the information on this page was last updated in April 2017.